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TENSE {काल}
What is Tense In English Grammar? | Incrediblecaffe

What is Tense In English Grammar? | Incrediblecaffe

What is Tense?

 

Tense is that form of any verb, which gives a sense of the happening of any action or event. So it is called Tense. Many students have good knowledge about Tense. Despite this, he is not able to strengthen his hold in Tense. Everything has been explained to you in detail in this article about Tense.

In this article we will talk about Tense, what is Tense, how many types are there, how can we recognize it, which formula can be used to make it, and many more. Stay with this article.

 

What is Tense:- Tense is that form of any verb, which gives a sense of the happening of any action or event.

 

Such as:-

 

I go to school.

My mother loves me.

I eat.

We read.

You play.

My brother plays.

I read a book.

Indian farmers work hard.

 

 

All these examples are of Presents Indefinite Tense. You know by now what is Tense. You must have understood well from the given example. It simply means, any kind of work or any event that happens, which gives information about its state. By which we know whether that action or event has happened in the present, past, or future.

 

Identification of Tense:- If you have not yet learned to recognize the sentence of Tense, then let me explain it to you through an example. Any type of sentence in which there is a sense of action or condition, that sentence comes under Tense. So now you have learned to understand and recognize the sentence of Tense. You have to get a lot of information about it to understand it better and to strengthen your grip on it.

 

Such as:- First of all you have to know about the relation between Tense and Simple Tense, what are the differences between the two. How many types of Tense are there and how many types of Simple Tense are there. Which formula will be used in both of these? You have come to know that there are verbs in Tense.

 

Do you know whether Simple Sentences contain verbs or not and how can you recognize them? What are the tips and tricks for this, which you can identify by following it? Let me tell you for information, there is no action in Simple Sentences. A simple Sentence is used to tell about something.

 

To understand Tense closely, which topic requires more information, you will get information about all these in this article. What is a subject? Before knowing this, it is very important to explain some basic information about it, so that you will be able to understand it easily. What is the subject, how it helps in identifying and making any sentence?

 

How can we identify any subject? What is its example? How can we make our hold on the subject? So that you can understand the sentence easily and make your grip strong. Think if you make your grip on the subject then you can learn English easily. You don’t need to worry, you just have to put your focus on English with dedication and hard work.

 

What is Subject:- In common language, you can say that the subject, which is the main center of the sentence or which is discussed in the sentence, then it is called the subject.

 

Now we will talk about verbs. Which we call Kriya in Hindi. What is a Verb, what is its contribution in making a sentence? Do we need to explain verbs while making a sentence? Can’t we make a sentence without a verb? Can sentences be made without verbs? Let me tell you that we can make sentences in both ways and we can use them in our spoken language.

 

We just need to understand this. What is Verb and how does it work, and how can we recognize it? Unless you will not be able to recognize the Verb, then how will you find out which sentence belongs to Tense or Simple Tense. It is very important for you to recognize it, because without it you will not be able to recognize the sentence, due to which you will translate the sentence wrong.

What is Verb:- Verb is said in any sentence, through which information about the subject’s action or state is obtained so that it is known in which state the subject is.

 

Such as:- Present, Past, Future.

 

If you read and practice every single article of Incrediblecaffe, you will learn to speak in English without joining any coaching or institute. This blog prepares the content for you in simple and easy language by thoroughly understanding everything related to English Grammar from Basic to Advance. So that you can easily talk to anyone Fluently in English.

 

Now we will know about the object. What is an object How it helps to form any sentence or identify the sentence? How can we recognize it? Is the object used only in Tense or is it used in Simple Tense also? You will know about all these things.

 

What is Object:- In any sentence, the object is that, on which the action or state of the subject has an effect, then it is called object.

 

You have read about verbs. Now we will know about the types of Verbs, how many types of Verbs are there. If you want to become a good speaker then it is very important for you to have knowledge about every little thing in English Grammar. So that you can understand English easily and become a good speaker. Most people have a dream that we become good speakers in our life. Now we will know about the types of verbs

 

There are two types of verb

  1. Main verb
  2. Helping verb

 

Main verb:- The main verb simply means any action such as dancing, singing, thinking, writing.

 

Helping Verb/Auxiliary verb:- This verb gives information about the state of the subject, in which condition the subjects are. In present, past, or future. Helping Verbs is used according to the condition of the subject.

Such as:- Is, am, are, was, were, has have, had, do, does, did, will, etc.

 

It is very important to understand both the type of verb and its use, only then you can translate the sentence correctly. Otherwise, you will translate the sentence wrong, that’s why you need to understand it.

 

Now we will talk about Sentence, what is a sentence. What is its importance in English Grammar? How can we recognize this? How many types are these? We will discuss all these issues in this article.

 

There are four types of sentences.

1.Assertive or Declarative sentence.

2.Interrogative Sentence.

3.Imperative Sentence.

4.Exclamatory Sentence

 

1.
Assertive or Declarative sentence:- Which is called narrative sentence in Hindi. Through this sentence, something is told about anything or something is discussed.

 

Example:- Monu is the elder brother of Pankaj.

(It has been told in this sentence that Monu who is Pankaj’s elder brother. In this sentence, Monu’s elder brother has been told.)

 

 

2.Interrogative Sentence:- This sentence is called an interrogative sentence in Hindi. The question is asked in this type of sentence.

 

For example:-

Do you eat burgers?

Do you play cricket?

Do you speak English?

 

 

3.Imperative Sentence:- This sentence is called imperative sentence in Hindi. Under this sentence, information about a command, order, or prayer is found.

Example:-

Let me play.

Let me sleep.

Let me go.

Sit there.

 

4.Exclamatory Sentence:- This sentence is called an exclamatory sentence in Hindi. The sentence which gives information about the feelings that have arisen suddenly is called an exclamatory sentence.

Example:-

Thanks to God!

Super beautiful!

Wonderful!

 

1.Affirmative Sentence

2.Negative Sentence

3.Interrogative Sentence

 

1.Affirmative Sentence:- This sentence is called a positive sentence in Hindi. In this type of sentence, no question is related to the question and no question is related to the negative sentence.

 

2.Negative Sentence:- This sentence is called a negative sentence in Hindi. In this type of sentence, questions related to negative sentences can be used. But the question reader cannot use the question related to the sentence.

 

 

3.Interrogative Sentence:- This sentence is called an interrogative sentence in Hindi. In this type of sentence, the question related to the negative sentence is not used. In this type of sentence, only the sentence related to the question is used. Only questions can be asked in this.

All Tense Formula

 

Present Indefinite Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject + v1 + object

 

[ In this formula, s, es will be combined with Verb only with 3rd person singular subject. ]

 

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject + Do/Does +Not+v1+Object.

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+Do/Does +Subject +v 1+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+Do/Does+Subject +Not+v1+Object?

 

Present Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +is /am/are+v1+ing+Object

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +is/am/are+Not+v1+ing+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+is/am/are+Subject +v1+ing+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+is/am/are+Subject+Not+v1+ing+Object?

 

Present Perfect Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +has+have+v3+Object

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +has/have+Not+v3+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+has/have+Subject +v3+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+has/have+Subject +Not+v3+Object?

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +has/have+been+v1+ing+Object+Since/for+Time

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +has/have+Not+been+v1+ing+Object+since/for+Time

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+has/have+Subject +been+v1+ing+Object +since/for+Time

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+has/have+Subject +Not+been+v1+ing+Object+Since/for+Time

 

Past Indefinite Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +v2+Object.

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +did+not+v1+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+did+Subject +v1+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+did+Subject +Not+v1 +Object!?

 

Past Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +was/were+v1+ing+Object

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject+was/were+Not+v1+ing+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +was/were+Subject +v1 +ing+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+was/were+Subject +Not +v1+ing+Object?

 

Past Perfect Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +had+v3+Object.

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +had+Not+v3+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+had+Subject +v3+Object?

 

Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+had+Subject +Not+v3+Object?

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +had been+v1+ing+Object +Since/for+Time

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +had+Not +been+v1 +ing+Object +Since/for +Time

 

3.Interrogative Sentence(प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+had+Subject +been+v1 +ing+Object +Since/for +Time?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+had+Subject +Not +been+v1 +ing+Object +Since /for+Time?

 

Future Indefinite Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will+v1 +Object.

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will +Not +v1 +Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence(प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+will+Subject +v1 +Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will+Subject +Not +v1 +Object?

 

Future Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will be +v1 +ing+Object

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will+Not+be+v1 +ing+Object

 

3.Interrogative Sentence(प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will+Subject +be+v1 +ing+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will+Subject +Not +be+v1 +ing+Object?

 

Future Perfect Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will have +v3+Object.

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will +Not+have+v3+Object.

 

3.Interrogative Sentence (प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will +Subject +have+v3+Object?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will +Subject +Not +have+v3 +Object?

 

 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

1.Affirmative Sentence (सकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will +have +been +v1 +ing+Object +Since /for+Time

 

2.Negative Sentence (नकारात्मक वाक्य)

 

Subject +will +Not+have been +v1 +ing+Object +since/for +Time

 

3.nterrogative Sentence(प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH +will +Subject +have been +v1 +ing+Object +since/for +Time?

 

4.Negative Interrogative Sentence (नकारात्मक प्रशनवाचक वाक्य)

 

WH+will+Subject +Not +have been +v1 +ing+Object +Since/for +Time

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