What is Preposition?
What is Preposition?:- A preposition is a word usually placed before a noun or a pronoun to show its relation to some other word\words in the sentence.
These sentences have in, on, to, and for prepositions.
Some Important Preposition :-
(i) On is used in the sense of ‘on’. It is also used before the name of the day and date.
(ii) At is used in the sense of ‘in/at’. It is used to denote ‘time, small place, rate’.
I am at home.
He came at 4 o’clock.
She lives in Patna.
We came at night.
Put the book on the table.
He came on Monday.
They went on 10th July.
The boy was on the road.
We came on foot.
We live on earth.
(i) In is used in the sense of ‘in’. This gives a sense of stability or a sense of being inside a circle, room, house.
(ii) Into also means “in”. But it has a sense of speed. That is, into is used in the sense of coming from outside to inside.
(iii) At is used for small spaces and In is used for large spaces.
He lives at home.
She lives in Delhi.
He fell into the well.
She jumped into the river.
They came into the house.
The book is in the box.
He lives in Bombay.
We are in the room.
You live in this house.
Keep this word in mind.
(i) “To” expresses the feeling of going ‘towards a place’ or ‘towards the boundary. “To” does not appear before Home.
Example:-I go home.
(ii) From means ‘from’. It expresses a sense of separation.
He is going to Patna.
She comes to me.
Rekha came from home.
We are running to the tree.
What school do you come from?
Go to bed.
John went to London.
It is now five minutes to six.
I am going to America on Friday.
The train starts from Patna and goes to Delhi.
By, With, Without:-
(i) By means time, proximity, means, etc.
(ii) With means ‘with by’.
(iii) Without means ‘without’.
He came by bus.
The book is written by me.
What’s the time by your watch?
It is 10 o’clock on my watch.
He travels with his friend.
I write with a pen.
She was with a bag.
The pen is without a nib.
We can’t play without a ball.
Over, Under,Of : –
(i) Over means ‘above’.
(ii) On (on/up) the sense of touch is expressed. But the sense of touch is not expressed from the over.
(iii) Of is used in the sense of ‘ ka, ke, ki’.
The fan is over my head.
The cow is under the tree.
The dog jumped over the table.
This box is made of wood.
This is the leg of the table.
What is the price of wheat?
He died of malaria.
My father is over forty.
For, Since, About, After, Before:-
(i) For:- For ka use (ke liye, ke vaste, ke liye) kiya jata hai.
(ii) Since:- Since ka meaning (se) hota hai. iska use nischit hour, minutes, day, months, year (Period of time) ke liye Kiya jata hai.
Note:- Lekin for (se) nischit hour, minutes, day, months, year (period of time) ke liye kiya jata hai.
(iii) About– Iska Matlab( ke bare me) or (ke vaste) me hota hai.
(iv) After:- Iska Matlab ke bad hota hai.
(v) Before:- Iska Matlab ke pahle hota hai.
He came here for the money.
This book is for you.
He has been here since 4 o’clock.
Tell me about Hari.
April comes after March.
June comes before July.
I have been here since Monday.
You have been playing for two hours.
(i) Between:- Between is used to denote two persons or things.
(ii) Among:- Among ka Matlab (“ke bitch me or me”) hota hai. among ka use tin ya tin se adhik vyakitio or vastuo ke sath kiya jata hai.
(iii) Till:- Till ka use (“tab tak ya jab tak” )ke liye use kiya jata hai.
(iv) Near:- Near ka use (ke pass, ke liye ) kiya jata hai.
He sits between Ram and Hari.
Sita is near me.
Her house is near the station.
Wait till Friday.
He is among his friends.
I am coming from Delhi.
They came from the park. (Point of time)
I will eat food from tomorrow.
Rakesh will work from 10 o’clock. (From any source)
I heard it from Ramesh.
I wrote it from the book.
1.Separation from some surface.
2.Leaving a surface.
It may be a pen leaving the surface of the table while being picked up, a monkey leaving the surface of the tree while jumping from there, we leaving the surface of a vehicle while getting off or a plane leaving the surface of the airport while taking off.
I picked the mobile off the bed.
I am wiping the dust off the glass door.
The monkey jumped off the tree.
Move the glass off the table.
(‘since’ is used for point of time when the sentence is in continuous form)
- Since 2 AM/ 2 PM/ 2 o’clock/ 3 o’clock
- Since 1985/ 2002/ 2001/ 2015
- Since Monday, Tuesday,……., Sunday
- Since Morning/ Evening/ Afternoon/ Night
- Since Yesterday / Day Before Yesterday
- Since Childhood / Since birth
- He has been trying since Sunday.
‘For’ is used for the duration of time when the sentence is in continuous form.
For 2 seconds.
For 2 minutes.
For 2 hours.
For 2 days.
For 2 weeks.
For 2 months.
For 2 years.
For 2 centuries.
For a long.
For a while.
For many days.
I have been playing for 2 hours.
He has been trying for many days.
For any purpose (Ke Liye)
For read, For watch, For money, For a book.
- I did it for them.
- He came to me for water.
For Exchange (something in exchange for something)
- I gave a laptop for Rs. 8000
- He bought a ring for Rs. 60
In (Use of in With time)
In 2 years
In one day
In the morning
In the evening
In any month
I was born in February.
He will come home in 2021.
I left the company in August 2012.
“In” With large places (Country, city, town, etc.)
Such as:- in India, in Noida, in Patna.
- I live in Noida.
- He will study in India.
“In” (In some object)
(in Jug, in book, in mobile)
- I found no songs in this laptop.
(before 2 o’clock, before evening, before me, before I say)
- This train will reach before time.
- I will come before you leave.
“ In front of ” or Before (Sense of same)
- Now I am standing before you.
- He was sitting before his dad.
- I will meet you after 12.
- I reached after them.
To follow someone:-
Example:- Police Chasing Thief, Chasing Someone/ Something to Acquire.
- I was after my friend for getting some help.
- He was unnecessarily after that girl.
In passive voice.
Such as:- by Ram, by someone
- I was stopped by someone.
- He can be sent by his friend.
Travel by some vehicle
by bus, by car, by plane
- I traveled by car.
- He is coming by noon.
With time – only in the future indefinite tense.
By 2 o’clock, by morning
- I will leave by 8 o’clock.
- We will finish it by evening.
By (Dwara) Beside, Next to, Adjacent (these are all meaning of dwara)
- I was standing by you.
(Perform a task with the help of something)
Such as:- with a knife, with a pen, with a sword.
- I cut the apple with a knife.
- He wrote the letter with a red pen.
- He killed the parrot with a stone.
Accompany someone or something
(with Ram, with you, with a thing, etc.)
- I am with Raman in this matter.
- We will be with you.
- My dad went to his office with the phone.
(with a certain amount of time(With the point of time)
at 2 o’clock, at 4 PM.
- I was born at 9.
- He will come home at 11 AM.
With small places (me or par ke sense me)
(at bus stop, at the chair)
If both small and big places are mentioned, then first the small space will be written with at and then the big space will be written with in.
- I stayed at a hotel.
- He was standing at the railway station.
- Rahul works at a store.
- I was there at noon.
- We study at night.
To tell the cost of something.
- This fruit is selling at Rs. 50 per kg.
- I am buying apples at Rs 80 per kg.
In any festival / Event
at Holi, at Diwali, at birthday, at the party
- I will come home at Holi.
- I will come home at Diwali.
- He will go there at his birthday.
(to see through some object)
If I am in a room and you are outside. I am able to watch you through a window. I am on this side and you are on the other side of the window so it is basically see-through.
- I can see through the glass door as it is transparent.
- I can see inside through this hole.
To move through a structure with limits on top, bottom, and both sides
Through a street
Through a pipe
Through a narrow passage
- I was passing through a street.
- You went through the underground way.
- Petrol is passing through this pipe.
Beyond (very far, not visible)
(If I tell you that there is a temple on the other side of this mountain. We can’t see the temple.Beyond is used in such places.)
- There is a temple beyond this mountain.
- What is there beyond that Mountain?
(beyond something that is abstract; neither touch nor see)
- There is something beyond this universe.
- There is nothing beyond love.
(Via Bluetooth, Via Uttar Pradesh)
- This train will go to Delhi via Deoria.
- I sent you my picture via Bluetooth.
- He came to Delhi via Kanpur.
Opposite (thik samne or dusri traph)
(If I say “front”, then Opposite, in front of or before; Any of these three can be used.)
1.Up in a list.
2.Above the abstract noun; such as love, honesty, cruelty, etc.
3.Above the level of some surface.
- My name is above your name in the list.
- Money is above love.
- Only his eyes were above water.
(Subject & object not fully touched)
(If I say I am sitting under the tree, then the branches of the tree are not touching me. Similarly, I am hidden under the table, again the table is not touching me fully. But, if I say “A letter is under the pillow.” It would be correct because the letter and pillow are being fully touched so the correct sentence would be “A letter is beneath/underneath the pillow.”)
- Raman is hidden under the bed.
- Mom is sitting under the tree.
(Subject & object fully touched)
- My house is underneath your house.
below in a list
below the abstract noun; such as love, honesty, cruelty, etc
below the level of some surface
- My name is below your name in the list.
- Money is below love.
- His mouth was below water but his nose was above.
(indicate the downwards movement)
- Prices are going down.
- The water level is going down.
(between two objects)
- She is sitting between Yash & Vaibhav.
- The pen is lying between two computers.
(more than two objects but given; how many)
If I say that Ram is sitting among 20 people, then it is told here that how many people are there. That’s why I would use among. But if I say that Ram is sitting among some people, it is not mentioned here that how many people are there.
Therefore I will not use among but amongst.
- I was among 100 people.
(more than two objects but not given; how many)
Saying I’m in the middle of a crowd doesn’t tell how many people there are so we have to use amongst.
- I was amongst the crowd.
- My dad was amongst many people.
(to go out/leave someplace)
- I am getting out of my office.
- He has gone out of Goa.
(out of certain numbers)