past perfect tense in hindi

Past Perfect Tense | Incrediblecaffe

 Past Perfect Tense

 

If two acts have happened in the past and one action is completely finished before the other, then the verb of Past Perfect Tense is used for the action that ends first and the verb of Past Indefinite Tense for the action that ends later.

 

Examples:-

The patient had died before the doctor came.

[ It is clear from this sentence that two things have happened in the past ]:-

(1) The death of the patient.

(2) The arrival of the doctor.

 

  1.  The ‘death of the patient’ ended first.

[ Therefore, the action of Past Perfect Tense will be used for this. ]

 

  1.  ‘Doctor’s Aana’ concluded later.

 [Therefore, the action of Past Indefinite Tense will be used for this. ]

 

This is how this sentence would be translated.

 

Such as:-

The patient had died before the doctor came.

 

See More Example:-

The thief had fled away before the police came.

I had reached the school before the bell rang.

When I reached the school the bell had gone.

I reached the station after the train had started.

When they left the sun had set.

When we reached there, the dinner had started.

 

All the sentences in the given quotes have two parts:-

[Past Indefinite Tense is used in one part and Past Perfect Tense is used in the second part.]

The Past Perfect Tense is used for an action that was completely finished before another action. Now consider such sentences from which it is understood that two actions happened in the past, but one action happened immediately after the other.

 

In such sentences, sometimes there is such a gap between the two tasks that it is not realized that only after the complete completion of one task, the other task is completed.

 

Past Indefinite Tense is used in both the parts of such sentences.

When the class ended the student went out.

When I beat him he began to abuse me.

When the play ended the audience went home.

He washed his mouth before he ate.

The train started before I reached the station.

[Note: – Often when, before, conjunction comes in such a sentence, not after.]

 

He had already slept before I came.

The bell had rung before I reached school.

I had worked before my father came.

The thieves had run away before the police arrived.

The patient had died before the doctor came.

When I reached school, the bell had rung.

I reached the station before the train started.  

 

 

 

Identification of Past Perfect Tense:- The verbs of the Hindi sentence at the end of which chuka tha, chuki thi, chuke the, that sentence is translated into Past Perfect Tense.

Rule of making Affirmative Sentence:- To make a positive sentence, first of all, we use Subject. After that use Had. After that, we use the Third Form ( v 3) of Verbs. After that use Object.

 

  

We will use [ Had ] with First Person Singular Subject [ i ] and [ Had ] with First Person Plural Subject [ we ].

We will use [ Had ] with Second Person Singular Subject [ i ] and [ Had ] with Second Person Plural Subject [ we ].

We will use [ Had ] with Third Person Singular Subject [ i ] and [ Had ] with Third Person Plural Subject [ we ].

 

 

Affirmative Sentence Structure:-

Subject +had+v3+Object.

I had eaten. 

You had played. 

We had read. 

Mohan had slept.

You had eaten. 

You had done it. 

Those people had gone.

I had seen him. 

He had gone to school.

The sun had set.  

You had slept. 

You had eaten. 

You had reached Delhi.

You had talked. 

I had played. 

I had breakfast. 

I had taken your number.

We had read. 

He had memorized the lesson.

He had gone to Patna.

Those people had eaten.

Pankaj had gone.

They had broken my pens. 

He had fallen asleep. 

You had beaten Monu.

He had eaten.

You had played

He has gone.

 

Rules for making Negative Sentences:- To make a negative sentence, first of all, we use Subject. After that use Had. After that Not use it. After that, we use Third Form ( v 3) of Verbs. After that use Object.

Negative Sentence Structure

Subject +had+Not+v3+Object

I had not eaten. 

I had not read the book.

You had not eaten. 

He had not slept.

She had slept. 

You had not eaten.

He had not gone. 

We had played cricket.

You had not slept. 

You had not played. 

We had not talked. 

We had not gone to the market.

He had not eaten. 

We had not done our work.

She had not eaten.  

She had not played. 

Mohan had not slept.

Pankaj had not gone home.

They had not slept.

You had not eaten pizza.

 

 

Rule of making Interrogative Sentence:- First of all we use Had to make interrogative sentences. After that we use Subject. After that, we use Third Form ( v 3) of Verbs. After that use Object.

Interrogative Sentence Structure:-

Had+Subject +v3+Object?

 

Had  I eaten?

Had you played?

Had we read?

Had Mohan slept?

Had you eaten? 

Had you done it? 

Had they gone?

Had I seen him?

Had he gone to school?

Had the sunset?

Had you slept? 

Had  You eaten?

Had  You reached Delhi?

Had  You talked? 

Had  I played?

Had I taken breakfast?

Had  I taken your number?

Had we read?

Had  He memorized the lesson?

Had he gone to Patna?

Had they eaten?

Had Pankaj gone?

Had they broken my pens?

Had he slept?

Had you beaten Monu?

Had  He eaten?

Had you played?

Had he gone?

 

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